CPR has changed!
On October 18, 2010, the 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiac Care were published marking the 50th anniversary of modern CPR. Even with modern technology like AEDs, survival from cardiac arrest depends on lay rescuers like you who are ready, willing, and able to respond in this emergency. The 2010 Guidelines are based on the most current and comprehensive review of resuscitation studies ever published. The 2010 review process included 356 resuscitation experts from 29 countries who analyzed, debated, and discussed research and theories during the 36-month period before the 2010 Consensus Conference. During the past five years, there has been an effort to simplify CPR techniques and emphasize that any attempt at CPR is better than no attempt.
Below is a summary of the 2010 changes:
1. Change from "A,B,C" to "C,A,B" -- Compression, Airway, Breathing. "Look, listen, and Feel" is gone! In the old "A,B,C" check, compressions were often delayed while a stressed-out lay responder opens the airway, gives rescue breaths or retrieves a barrier device, then tried to determine if victim had a pulse or not. By changing to "C,A,B," chest compressions will be started sooner and rescue breathing only shortly delayed until completion of the first cycle of 30 compressions.
2. Recognize that irregular gasping (agonal breathing) is not normal breathing; call 911, and begin to pump! Again, many rescuers delay in beginning to treat arrest victim as they are not educated to what "real" arrest victims look and act like. In this training, you will be educated in the actual sense of an arrest so you won't balk, but act! If the victim does not respond, is blue (cyanotic), and their chest is not moving in a regular rhythm, start to pump!
3. "Hands-only CPR" is an option -- If you don't want to do rescue breaths (stranger, vomiting, blood in mouth) and you do not have a rescue barrier, perform compressions only on the victim. Arizona has tripled the "save" rate for cardiac arrest as they focus on "Hands-only" CPR statewide. It is because bystanders are willing to start compressions, not because the Tucson Fire Dept. has improved its response time . . . .
4. Minimize "hands off" time -- If compressions are stopped for longer than 15 seconds, it is like you have never done CPR on the victim. You lose the Coronary Perfusion Pressure (CPP) to the victim's brain. Pump hard, pump fast - allowing the chest to completely recoil after each compression.
This half-day CPR training course is limited to 35 participants.